THE RESORT CITY OF SOCHI
Sochi is a resort of the federal importance and one of the largest balneo-climatic centers in the world. Sochi is elongated along the Black Sea coast for 145 kilometers (90 mi). The northern boundary of the city runs along the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range that is remote from the coast to 30-60 km.
Sochi consists of four administrative districts: the Central district is the smallest one and is the historical center of the city, then Lazarevskoye, Khosta and Adler.
It is known that different nations have lived in the city of Sochi for a long time. Besides, Sochi is a cosmopolitan city up to now. The territory of Sochi is inhabited with the Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Armenians, Georgians, Greeks, Estonians, Moldavians and others.
The first place-name "Sochi" is found in the records of the Turkish traveler and statesman Evliya Çelebi, who visited the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus in 1641. However, the author gave this name as the name of the mountains, not the populated locality. In the same work among the peoples inhabited the Black Sea region, he mentioned a tribe of Socha.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Sochi began to develop as a resort. The first resort of Sochi "The Caucasian Riviera" was opened in June 1909. In 1917 Sochi was granted the status of a city. The civil war slightly slowed down the development of the city, but after it was ended, Sochi continued its development as the all-Union health resort.
Olympic Winter Games were held in Sochi from 7 to 23 February 2014. As a matter of interest, Sochi became the first city with a subtropical climate, where the Winter Olympics were held. Within 5-6 years a large number of sports and infrastructure facilities located in coastal and mountain clusters were built.
Subject to its geographical and climatic peculiarities, Sochi is actively used as a base for scientific research in the field of botany, medicine, health resorts and seaside building. In addition to higher education institutions developing science, there are many research institutions of all Russian value. Some of them are Sochi Research Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Research Institute of Medical Primatology RAMS, Research Center of balneology and rehabilitation and others.
The famous old-established sights of Sochi are interesting for travelers of all ages. Sochi Arboretum is a monument of landscape gardening architecture, located on the territory of nearly 50 hectares. It is known not only in the Krasnodar region, but also throughout Russia. The Riviera Park, founded in 1898 by the famous Moscow manufacturer Khludov V.A. is today the object of historical and cultural heritage of Sochi and landscape architectural monument of regional significance. Its total area is about 15 hectares.
One of the symbols of the resort is Big Akhun Mountain (the highest point of the district of Sochi) and its tower. Having conquered the height of 30.5 meters, you will find yourself at exactly 700 meters above the sea level and you will be able to enjoy its panoramic views from the Caucasus Mountains to Dagomys.
Tisosamshitovaya Grove is the monument of the ancient nature, located on the eastern slope of Akhun Mountain in 2.5 km from the Black Sea coast in the Khosta district of Sochi. Tisosamshitovaya Grove is a unique living museum, repository of relict vegetation, remained here almost unchanged from prehistoric times (about 30 million years ago). Today it is UNESCO World Heritage Site.
There is a magical place called the Valley "33 waterfalls". in the riverbed of the Shakhe where a little brook Dzegosh falls in. The length of the stream is just over 500 meters, and it takes its origin from a spring on top of the mountain ridge. A sparkling stream runs and jumps on the flagstones, bypassing 7 waterfalls and 13 rapids. As a result of this aquacade 33 waterfalls are formed.
Resort is the foundation of the economy of the city of Sochi. The subtropical climate is favorable for creation of comfortable environment for living and doing business that is impossible for other areas of Russia. Within a few hours, one can feel the difference between the snowy mountain landscape and the warm coast, which is a rare opportunity for global travel brands.